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Copy of The Power of Massage

Page history last edited by Students 6 years, 1 month ago









Journal Articles:

Medicine Hands: Massage Therapy for People with Cancer


Medicine Hand was written to show that massages can be safely administered to people with cancer regardless of how bad their condition is.     


 MacDonald, G. (2007). Medicine Hands: Massage Therapy for People with Cancer . The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 13(9), 1047-1048. Retrieved February 28, 2014, from the Google Scholar database. http://online.liebertpub.com/doi/abs/10.1089/acm.2007.0683?journalCode=acm





Evaluates the effects of massage therapy on the depression, functionality, muscle strength, and range of motion on spinal cord injury patients. Benefits for the massage and exercise therapy; Observation of lower anxiety and depression scores among the massage group; Increase in the muscle strength and wrist range of motion among the massage group.



Diego, M. A., Field, T., Hernandez-Reif, M., Hart, S., Brucker, B., Field, T., et al. (2002). Spinal Cord Patients Benefit From Massage Therapy. International Journal of Neuroscience112(2), 133-142. Retrieved March 1, 2014, from the Academic Search Complete (EBSCOhost) database. http://eds.b.ebscohost.com.libproxy.nau.edu/ehost/detail?vid=7&sid=69a18b46-9ae2-4a79-bd3c-89ac748061cc%40sessionmgr198&hid=105&bdata=JmxvZ2luLmFzcCZzaXRlPWVob3N0LWxpdmUmc2NvcGU9c2l0ZQ%3d%3d#db=a9h&AN=6845167




The Mechanisms of Massage and Effects on Performance, Muscle Recovery and Injury Prevention




Many coaches, athletes and sports medicine personnel hold the belief, based on observations and experiences, that massage can provide several benefits to the body such as increased blood flow, reduced muscle tension and neurological excitability, and an increased sense of well-being. Massage can produce mechanical pressure, which is expected to increase muscle compliance resulting in increased range of joint motion, decreased passive stiffness and decreased active stiffness (biomechanical mechanisms). Mechanical pressure might help to increase blood flow by increasing the arteriolar pressure, as well as increasing muscle temperature from rubbing. Depending on themassage technique, mechanical pressure on the muscle is expected to increase or decrease neural excitability as measured by the Hoffman reflex (neurological mechanisms). Changes in parasympathetic activity (as measured by heart rate, blood pressure and heart rate variability) and hormonal levels (as measured by cortisol levels) following massage result in a relaxation response (physiological mechanisms). A reduction in anxiety and an improvement in mood state also cause relaxation (psychological mechanisms) after massage. Therefore, thesebenefits of massage are expected to help athletes by enhancing performance and reducing injury risk. However, limited research has investigated the effects of pre-exercise massage on performance and injury prevention. Massage between events is widely investigated because it is believed that massage might help to enhance recovery and prepare athletes for the next event. Unfortunately, very little scientific data has supported this claim. The majority of research on psychological effects of massage has concluded that massage produces positive effects on recovery (psychological mechanisms). Post-exercise massage has been shown to reduce the severity of muscle soreness butmassage has no effects on muscle functional loss. Notwithstanding the belief that massage has benefits for athletes, the effects of different types of massage (e.g. petrissage, effleurage, friction) or the appropriate timing of massage (pre-exercise vs post-exercise) on performance, recovery from injury, or as an injury prevention method are not clear. Explanations are lacking, as the mechanisms of each massagetechnique have not been widely investigated. Therefore, this article discusses the possible mechanisms of massage and provides a discussion of the limited evidence of massage on performance, recovery and muscle injury prevention. The limitations of previous research are described and further research is recommended. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]



Weerapong, P., Hume, P. A., & Kolt, G. S. (2005). The Mechanisms Of Massage And Effects On Performance, Muscle Recovery And Injury Prevention. Sports Medicine,35(3), 235-256. Retrieved March 1, 2014, from the Academic Search Complete (EBSCOhost) database. http://eds.b.ebscohost.com.libproxy.nau.edu/ehost/detail?vid=7&sid=69a18b46-9ae2-4a79-bd3c-89ac748061cc%40sessionmgr198&hid=105&bdata=JmxvZ2luLmFzcCZzaXRlPWVob3N0LWxpdmUmc2NvcGU9c2l0ZQ%3d%3d#db=a9h&AN=16266121










Calvert, R. N. (2002). The history of massage: an illustrated survey from around the world. Rochester, Vt.: Healing Arts Press.





Canaday, C. (2001). The mind and body massage. San Jose: Writers Club Press.





Tappan, F. M., & Benjamin, P. J. (1998). Tappan's handbook of healing massage techniques: classic, holistic, and emerging methods (3rd ed.). Stamford, Conn.: Appleton & Lange.





Massage Therapy for Health Purposes: What You Need To Know. (n.d.). National Center for Complementary & Alternative Medicine. Retrieved February 28, 2014, from http://nccam.nih.gov/health/massage/massageintroduction


Massage Therapy Styles and Health Benefits. (n.d.). WebMD. Retrieved February 28, 2014, from http://www.webmd.com/balance/massage-therapy-styles-and-health-benefits


 Health Services. (n.d.). Benefits of Massage Therapy. Retrieved March 1, 2014, from http://www.unh.edu/health-services/ohep/massage-therapy/benefits-massage-therapy










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